Due to the effects of the new global coronavirus pandemic in 2020, the UNFCCC has postponed most of its major climate events to 2021, including COP 26. The COVID 19 pandemic has also undermined countries` efforts to present new NDPs or NDPs that expire in 2020. On 12 December 2020, the fifth anniversary of the adoption of the Paris Agreement, the United Nations, France and the United Kingdom, the President of COP 26, will jointly host a virtual global climate summit. National governments are invited to present more ambitious climate targets, “green” recovery plans for covid 19, new funding pledges and long-term decarbonisation targets. On August 4, 2017, the Trump administration officially announced to the United Nations that the United States intends to withdraw from the Paris Agreement as soon as it is legally entitled to it.  The formal declaration of resignation could not be submitted until after the agreement for the United States came into force on November 4, 2019 for a three-year date.   On November 4, 2019, the U.S. government filed the withdrawal notice with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, custodian of the agreement, and formally withdrew from the Paris Agreement a year later, when the withdrawal came into effect.  After the November 2020 elections, President-elect Joe Biden promised to reinstate the United States in the Paris Agreement for his first day in office and renew the U.S. commitment to climate change mitigation.   Many countries have stated in their INDCs that they intend to use some form of international emissions trading scheme to implement their contributions. In order to ensure the environmental integrity of these transactions, the agreement requires the parties to respect accounting practices and to avoid double counting of “mitigation results transferred internationally.” In addition, the agreement will create a new mechanism that would help contain and support sustainable development and could produce or certify negotiable emission units according to its design.
The Paris Conference was the 21st meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), known as COP 21. The conference concluded a round of negotiations that began in 2011 in Durban, South Africa, with the aim of concluding a new legal agreement between national governments to strengthen the global response to climate change. 150 heads of state and government participated in the opening day of the conference. How each country is on track to meet its obligations under the Paris Agreement can be constantly monitored online (via the Climate Action Tracker  and the climate clock). The Paris Agreement provides a sustainable framework that guides global efforts for decades to come.